FIELD MARSHALL H. H. KITCHNER, 1st EARL, BATTLE of OMDURMAN, BOER WAR, SECRETARY of WAR (WW I) PHOTO & AUTOGRAPH, FRAMED

$250.00

Description

Herbert Kitchener Photograph & Autograph, framed in attractive Maple wood frame.

Herbert Kitchener (1850 to 1916) “Your country needs you.” With this poster appeal in World War I, Herbert Kitchener, British field marshal and secretary of state for war, assembled and organized one of the mightiest armies in his country’s history.

Horatio Herbert Kitchener was born to English parents in County Kerry, Ireland, on June 24, 1850. He was educated at the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich, England, and in 1871 was commissioned in the Royal Engineers.

He became commander in chief of the Anglo-Egyptian army in 1892 and began a campaign to conquer the Sudan in 1896. At the battle of Khartoum in 1898, he crushed the forces under the fanatical Arab Mahdi and avenged the death there of General Charles George (also known as ‘Chinese’ or ‘Pasha’) Gordon. For this fear he was made a Baron. Kitchener was governing the Sudan when the Boer War began. In 1899 he was sent to South Africa as chief of staff. In 1900 he was named commander in chief. He overcame the Boer resistance by advancing slowly, burning farms and establishing camps for Boer civilians.

From 1902 to 1909 Kitchener served in India as commander in chief in 1911 he was named consul general of Egypt. For his work in that country, including his economic reforms, he was made an Earl.

When World War I broke out in 1914, he entered the British Cabinet as field marshal and secretary of state for war. By the end of 1915 he had expanded Britain’s expeditionary force from 160,000 to more than 2.25 million. Until mid-1915 he was also charged with mobilizing Britain’s industries for the war effort. He died en route to Russia on June 5, 1916, when his ship struck a German mine.

Frame Measures approximately 10 1/2 x 11 1/2 inches

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